Recent Posts



Death Notification, Grief, and Posttraumatic Stress: Implications for COVID-19 Deaths

NOTE: This blog post is reprinted from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, dated April 20, 2020. Please click here to visit the original post. Human Remains, Grief, and Posttraumatic Stress in Bereaved Family Members Fourteen Years after September 11, 2001, a forthcoming manuscript in the Journal of Traumatic Stress describes the mental health effects on 9/11-bereaved family members after being notified (often multiple times) that remains of their loved ones were identified. Although returning human remains to family members has traditionally been thought to support grief adaptation, 9/11 family members in this study indicated that notifications of remains identification

Development of Resilience

Resilience is the most common pathway after a traumatic event and thought to be the natural defense against adversity (Bonanno, 2004). Recent research discoveries have led to a burst of interest in understanding what trauma resilience is and how it develops in a person. In order to create theories of development for resilience, we need to understand what exactly resilience involves. We also need to look at where the idea and term resilience came from and how it relates to trauma. The most in depth description of resilience I agree with is by Dr. Michael Unger, stating, “In the context to significant adversity, resilience is both the capacity of individuals to navigate their way to the psycho

Natural Disasters: The Similarities and Differences With Other Trauma Types

Regardless of age, sex, religion or socioeconomic status, natural disasters can affect anyone. Whether relatively small or large in scale, natural disasters occur so frequently that 30-40% of the general public have experienced a natural disaster (Galea, 2005). Like many other traumas, reactions to natural disasters are intense and often unpredictable. Certain experiences such as being emotional on the anniversary of the event, disrupted eating or sleeping patterns, as well as experiencing nausea and chest pain are completely normal reactions to a natural disaster. However, there is one key element that separates natural disasters from any other type of trauma: natural disasters are ex

The Impact of Coronavirus and Promoting Resiliency in Families and Communities

A novel respiratory virus is continuing to spread around the globe, which is impacting economies, health care infrastructures, communities, and individual lives. The World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared the Coronavirus a “pandemic”, or a global health emergency, on January 30th (2020). Reports are streamed daily on local and national news, and each day new updates are available. These updates include the number on the death toll, number of people infected, and the number of people that have recovered locally, nationally, and globally. COVID-19 has impacted economies, infrastructures, communities, and individual lives on a global, national, and local scale. To understand the ex

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